MolluscaBase taxon details

Cardiidae Lamarck, 1809

229  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:229)

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  1. Subfamily Cardiinae Lamarck, 1809
    1. Genus Bucardium J. E. Gray, 1853
    2. Genus Cardium Linnaeus, 1758
    3. Genus Europicardium S. V. Popov, 1977
    4. Genus Fulvia J. E. Gray, 1853
    5. Genus Procardium ter Poorten & La Perna, 2017
    6. Genus Schedocardia R. B. Stewart, 1930 †
    7. Genus Vepricardium Iredale, 1929
    8. Genus Acanthocardium Römer, 1868 accepted as Acanthocardia J. E. Gray, 1851 (unaccepted > junior objective synonym)
    9. Genus Acanthocardium E. Römer, 1868 accepted as Acanthocardia J. E. Gray, 1851 (unaccepted > unjustified emendation)
    10. Genus Eucardium P. Fischer, 1887 accepted as Acanthocardia J. E. Gray, 1851 (Junior synonym of Acanthocardia J.E. Gray, 1851)
    11. Genus Orbis Blainville, 1825 accepted as Acanthocardia J. E. Gray, 1851 (not available: not used as a valid name; and also invalid: junior homonym of Orbis Müller, 1767)
    12. Genus Pectunculus Mörch, 1853 accepted as Vepricardium Iredale, 1929 (unaccepted > junior homonym, invalid: non Lamarck, 1799 nec da Costa, 1778)
    13. Genus Rudicardia Coen, 1915 accepted as Acanthocardia J. E. Gray, 1851 (synonym)
  2. Subfamily Clinocardiinae Kafanov, 1975
    1. Genus Ciliatocardium Kafanov, 1974
    2. Genus Clinocardium Keen, 1936
    3. Genus Keenocardium Kafanov, 1974
    4. Genus Serripes A. Gould, 1841
    5. Genus Aphrodite I. Lea, 1834 accepted as Serripes A. Gould, 1841
  3. Subfamily Fraginae R. B. Stewart, 1930
    1. Genus Americardia R. B. Stewart, 1930
    2. Genus Apiocardia Olsson, 1961
    3. Genus Corculum Röding, 1798
    4. Genus Ctenocardia H. Adams & A. Adams, 1857
    5. Genus Fragum Röding, 1798
    6. Genus Lunulicardia J. E. Gray, 1853
    7. Genus Microfragum T. Habe, 1951
    8. Genus Plagiocardium Cossmann, 1886 †
    9. Genus Trigoniocardia Dall, 1900
    10. Genus Cardissa Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1811 accepted as Corculum Röding, 1798
    11. Genus Hemicardia Spengler, 1799 accepted as Lunulicardia J. E. Gray, 1853 (invalidly proposed)
    12. Genus Hemicardium Schweigger, 1820 accepted as Corculum Röding, 1798 (unaccepted > junior objective synonym)
    13. Genus Opisocardium Bayle, 1879 accepted as Lunulicardia J. E. Gray, 1853 (unaccepted > junior objective synonym)
  4. Subfamily Laevicardiinae Keen, 1951
    1. Genus Dinocardium Dall, 1900
    2. Genus Laevicardium Swainson, 1840
    3. Genus Pseudofulvia J. Vidal & Kirkendale, 2007
    4. Genus Levicardium [sic] accepted as Laevicardium Swainson, 1840 (unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling, incorrect spelling of genus name)
    5. Genus Liocardium Agassiz, 1847 accepted as Laevicardium Swainson, 1840 (unjustified emmendation for Laevicardium Swainson, 1840)
  5. Subfamily Lahilliinae H. J. Finlay & Marwick, 1937 †
    1. Genus Globocardium Hayami, 1965 †
    2. Genus Integricardium Rollier, 1912 †
    3. Genus Lahillia Cossmann, 1899 †
    4. Genus Yokoyamaina Hayami, 1958 †
    5. Genus Amathusia R. A. Philippi, 1887 † accepted as Lahillia Cossmann, 1899 † (unaccepted > junior homonym, junior primary homonym of Amathusia Fabricius, 1807 [Lepidoptera], Amathusia Rafinesque, 1815 [Mecoptera], and Amathusia Mulsant & Verreaux, 1866)
    6. Genus Iheringia Cossmann, 1899 † accepted as Lahillia Cossmann, 1899 † (unaccepted > junior homonym)
  6. Subfamily Lymnocardiinae Stoliczka, 1870
    1. Tribe Acanthocardiini Kafanov & Starobogatov, 1977
      1. Genus Acanthocardia J. E. Gray, 1851
    2. Tribe Acobaecardiini Paramonova, 1980 †
      1. Genus Acobaecardium Paramonova, 1986 †
    3. Tribe Adacnini Gill, 1871
      1. Genus Adacna Eichwald, 1838
      2. Genus Apscheronia Andrusov, 1903 †
      3. Genus Caspicardium Astaf'yeva, 1955 †
      4. Genus Didacna Eichwald, 1838
      5. Genus Didacnoides Astaf'yeva, 1960 †
      6. Genus Hypanis Ménétries, 1832
      7. Genus Monodacna Eichwald, 1838
      8. Genus Parapscheronia Eberzin, 1955 †
      9. Genus Plagiodacnopsis Andrusov, 1923 †
      10. Genus Turcmena G. I. Popov, 1956 †
      11. Genus Adachna [sic] accepted as Adacna Eichwald, 1838 (unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling)
      12. Genus Hyrcania V. P. Kolesnikov, 1950 † accepted as Turcmena G. I. Popov, 1956 † (junior homonym of Hyrcania Monterosato, 1894 [Gastropoda]; synonym)
      13. Genus Irinia G. I. Popov, 1956 † accepted as Turcmena G. I. Popov, 1956 † (subjective synonym)
      14. Genus Neoadacna A. A. Ali-Zade, 1973 accepted as Adacna Eichwald, 1838 (unaccepted > junior objective synonym)
      15. Genus Neodidacnomya A. A. Ali-Zade, 1973 † accepted as Didacnoides Astaf'yeva, 1960 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
      16. Genus Neomonodacna A. A. Ali-Zade, 1973 accepted as Monodacna Eichwald, 1838 (junior objective synonym)
      17. Genus Turkmena [sic] † accepted as Turcmena G. I. Popov, 1956 † (unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling)
    4. Tribe Arcicardiini Nevesskaja, 1986 †
      1. Genus Arcicardium P. Fischer, 1887 †
      2. Genus Plagiodacna Andrusov, 1903 †
      3. Genus Protoplagiodacna Stevanović, 1978 †
      4. Genus Pseudoarcicardium Akhvlediani, 1974 † accepted as Arcicardium P. Fischer, 1887 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    5. Tribe Avicardiini S. V. Popov, 1977 †
      1. Genus Aktschagylocardium Danukalova, 1996 †
      2. Genus Andrusovicardium Paramonova, 1986 †
      3. Genus Avicardium V. P. Kolesnikov, 1950 †
      4. Genus Miricardium Paramonova, 1986 †
    6. Tribe Aviculocardiini Paramonova, 2001 †
      1. Genus Aviculocardium Bagdasarian, 1978 †
      2. Genus Kubanocardium Muskhelishvili, 1965 †
    7. Tribe Cerastodermatini F. Nordsieck, 1969
      1. Genus Bessia Kojumdgieva & Sapundgieva, 1981 †
      2. Genus Cerastoderma Poli, 1795
      3. Genus Korobkoviella Merklin, 1974 †
      4. Genus Raricardium Paramonova, 1986 †
    8. Tribe Chokrakiini S. V. Popov, 2001 †
      1. Genus Chokrakia S. V. Popov, 2001 †
    9. Genus Gilletella Marinescu, 1973 †
    10. Tribe Limnopappini Schlickum, 1962 †
      1. Genus Eoprosodacna Davitashvili, 1934 †
      2. Genus Limnopagetia Schlickum, 1963 †
      3. Genus Limnopappia Schlickum, 1962 †
      4. Genus Kozahuria S. V. Popov, 1983 † accepted as Eoprosodacna (Kozahuria) S. V. Popov, 1983 † represented as Eoprosodacna Davitashvili, 1934 † (unaccepted > superseded rank)
      5. Genus Succuridacna Korobkov, 1954 † accepted as Eoprosodacna (Eoprosodacna) Davitashvili, 1934 † represented as Eoprosodacna Davitashvili, 1934 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    11. Tribe Lymnocardiini Stoliczka, 1870 †
      1. Genus Arpadicardium Eberzin, 1947 †
      2. Genus Bosphoricardium Eberzin, 1947 †
      3. Genus Dacicardium Papaianopol, 1975 †
      4. Genus Ecericardium Eberzin, 1947 †
      5. Genus Euxinicardium Eberzin, 1947 †
      6. Genus Hellenicardium S. V. Popov & Nevesskaja, 2000 †
      7. Genus Limnodacna Eberzin, 1936 †
      8. Genus Lymnocardium Stoliczka, 1870 †
      9. Genus Moquicardium Eberzin, 1947 †
      10. Genus Nargicardium Eberzin, 1947 †
      11. Genus Pannonicardium Stevanović, 1951 †
      12. Genus Schirvanicardium Andreescu, 1974 †
      13. Genus Tauricardium Eberzin, 1947 †
      14. Genus Budmania Brusina, 1897 † accepted as Lymnocardium (Budmania) Brusina, 1897 † represented as Lymnocardium Stoliczka, 1870 † (unaccepted > superseded rank)
      15. Genus Limnocardium P. Fischer, 1887 † accepted as Lymnocardium Stoliczka, 1870 † (unaccepted > unjustified emendation)
      16. Genus Schirvanocardium [sic] † accepted as Schirvanicardium Andreescu, 1974 † (unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling)
    12. Tribe Merklinicardiini S. V. Popov, 2001 †
      1. Genus Merklinicardium S. V. Popov, 1982 †
    13. Tribe Obsoletiformini Paramonova, 2001 †
      1. Genus Obsoletiformes Kojumdgieva, 1969 †
      2. Genus Replidacna Jekelius, 1944 †
      3. Genus Chartocardium Muskhelishvili, 1978 † accepted as Replidacna Jekelius, 1944 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
      4. Genus Fischericardium Bagdasarian, 1978 † accepted as Obsoletiformes Kojumdgieva, 1969 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
      5. Genus Inaequicostata Paramonova, 1971 † accepted as Inaequicostates Kojumdgieva, 1969 † accepted as Replidacna Jekelius, 1944 † (unaccepted > unjustified emendation)
      6. Genus Inaequicostates Kojumdgieva, 1969 † accepted as Replidacna Jekelius, 1944 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
      7. Genus Obsoletiforma Paramonova, 1971 † accepted as Obsoletiformes Kojumdgieva, 1969 † (unaccepted > unjustified emendation)
      8. Genus Protractiforma Bagdasarian, 1978 † accepted as Protractiformes Kojumdgieva, 1969 † accepted as Obsoletiformes Kojumdgieva, 1969 † (unaccepted > unjustified emendation)
      9. Genus Protractiformes Kojumdgieva, 1969 † accepted as Obsoletiformes Kojumdgieva, 1969 † (subjective synonym)
      10. Genus Sarmaticardium Bagdasarian, 1978 † accepted as Obsoletiformes Kojumdgieva, 1969 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    14. Tribe Pachydacnini Andreescu, 1975 †
      1. Genus Pachydacna Eberzin, 1955 †
      2. Genus Natella Eberzin, 1949 † accepted as Pachydacna Eberzin, 1955 † (unaccepted > junior homonym, junior homonym of Natella H. Watson, 1934 [Gastropoda] and Natella Palmer, 1937; Pachydacna is a replacement name)
      3. Genus Parapachydacna Andreescu, 1974 † accepted as Pachydacna (Parapachydacna) Andreescu, 1974 † represented as Pachydacna Eberzin, 1955 † (unaccepted > superseded rank)
    15. Tribe Paradacnini Eberzin, 1965 †
      1. Genus Paradacna Andrusov, 1909 †
      2. Genus Abichia Andrusov, 1907 † accepted as Paradacna Andrusov, 1909 † (unaccepted > junior homonym, junior homonym of Abichia Gemmellaro, 1888 [Cephalopoda]; Paradacna is a replacement name)
    16. Tribe Parvicardiini Kafanov & Starobogatov, 1977
      1. Genus Papillicardium Sacco, 1899
      2. Genus Parvicardium Monterosato, 1884
      3. Genus Balticardium Lambiotte, 1979 accepted as Parvicardium Monterosato, 1884 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
      4. Genus Cerastobyssum G. H. Petersen & P. Russell, 1974 accepted as Parvicardium Monterosato, 1884 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    17. Tribe Phyllocardiini Nevesskaja, 1986 †
      1. Genus Parvidacna Stevanović, 1950 †
      2. Genus Phyllocardium P. Fischer, 1887 †
      3. Genus Lunadacna Motaş & Mihaila, 1973 † accepted as Parvidacna Stevanović, 1950 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
      4. Genus Parvadacna [sic] † accepted as Parvidacna Stevanović, 1950 † (unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling)
      5. Genus Phyllicardium [sic] † accepted as Phyllocardium P. Fischer, 1887 † (unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling)
    18. Tribe Planacardiini Paramonova, 2001 †
      1. Genus Planacardium Paramonova, 1971 †
    19. Tribe Plicatiformini Paramonova, 2001 †
      1. Genus Plicatiformes Kojumdgieva, 1969 †
      2. Genus Plicatiforma Paramonova, 1971 † accepted as Plicatiformes Kojumdgieva, 1969 † (unaccepted > unjustified emendation)
    20. Tribe Pontalmyrini Taktakischvili, 1981 †
      1. Genus Caladacna Andrusov, 1917 †
      2. Genus Chartoconcha Andrusov, 1907 †
      3. Genus Diversicostata Vassoevich & Eberzin, 1930 †
      4. Genus Luxuridacna Papaianopol, 1980 †
      5. Genus Oraphocardium Eberzin, 1949 †
      6. Genus Oxydacna Davitashvili, 1930 †
      7. Genus Panticapaea Andrusov, 1923 †
      8. Genus Pontalmyra Stefanescu, 1896 †
      9. Genus Pseudocatillus Andrusov, 1903 †
      10. Genus Pteradacna Andrusov, 1907 †
      11. Genus Stenodacna Andrusov, 1923 †
      12. Genus Submonodacna Livental, 1931 †
      13. Genus Tschaudia Davitashvili & Kitovani, 1964 †
      14. Genus Crassadacna Eberzin, 1962 † accepted as Pontalmyra Stefanescu, 1896 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
      15. Genus Digressodacna Davitashvili & Kitovani, 1964 † accepted as Tschaudia Davitashvili & Kitovani, 1964 † (subjective synonym)
      16. Genus Kaladacna [sic] † accepted as Caladacna Andrusov, 1917 † (unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling)
      17. Genus Macradacna Eberzin, 1967 † accepted as Diversicostata Vassoevich & Eberzin, 1930 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
      18. Genus Neopseudocatillus A. A. Ali-Zade, 1973 † accepted as Pseudocatillus Andrusov, 1903 † (unaccepted > junior objective synonym)
      19. Genus Osoinia Stevanović, 1978 † accepted as Pseudocatillus Andrusov, 1903 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
      20. Genus Oxidacna [sic] † accepted as Oxydacna Davitashvili, 1930 † (unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling)
      21. Genus Pseudocardita Oppenheim, 1919 † accepted as Didacna Eichwald, 1838 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    21. Tribe Prosodacnini Keen, 1937 †
      1. Genus Horiodacna Stefanescu, 1896 †
      2. Genus Metadacna Eberzin, 1959 †
      3. Genus Prionopleura Eberzin, 1949 †
      4. Genus Prosochiasta Eberzin, 1959 †
      5. Genus Prosodacna Tournouër, 1882 †
      6. Genus Prosodacnomya Eberzin, 1959 †
      7. Genus Pseudoprosodacna Gillet, 1971 †
      8. Genus Stylodacna Stefanescu, 1896 †
      9. Genus Zamphiridacna Motaş, 1974 †
      10. Genus Eupatorina Andreescu, 1974 † accepted as Pseudoprosodacna Gillet, 1971 † (unaccepted > junior objective synonym)
      11. Genus Fischeridacna Andreescu, 1974 † accepted as Prosodacna Tournouër, 1882 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
      12. Genus Pachyprionopleura Andreescu, 1974 † accepted as Prosodacna Tournouër, 1882 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
      13. Genus Psilodon Cobălcescu, 1883 † accepted as Prosodacna Tournouër, 1882 † (junior homonym of Psilodon Perty, 1830 [Coleoptera]; junior synonym)
      14. Genus Styladacna [sic] † accepted as Stylodacna Stefanescu, 1896 † (unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling)
    22. Genus Uniocardium Capellini, 1880 †
    23. Genus Brachiodacna Eberzin, 1965 † (unaccepted > nomen nudum, Not available: no description)
    24. Genus Chartadacna Chelidze, 1953 † (unaccepted > nomen nudum, Not available: no type species designated)
    25. Genus Didacnomya Andrusov, 1923 † accepted as Pseudocatillus Andrusov, 1903 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    26. Tribe Hyrcaniini Kafanov & Starobogatov, 1977 † accepted as Adacnini Gill, 1871 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    27. Genus Kolesnikovia Muskhelishvili, 1966 † (unaccepted > nomen nudum, Not available: no type species designated)
    28. Genus Myocardia Vest, 1861 † accepted as Lymnocardium Stoliczka, 1870 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    29. Genus Papyrocardium Gabuniya, 1953 † (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
    30. Genus Prophyllicardium Jekelius, 1944 † (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  7. Subfamily Nemocardiinae ter Poorten, 2023
    1. Genus Anechinocardium Hickman, 2015 †
    2. Genus Arctopratulum Keen, 1954 †
    3. Genus Frigidocardium T. Habe, 1951
    4. Genus Keenaea T. Habe, 1951
    5. Genus Lophocardium P. Fischer, 1887
    6. Genus Microcardium Keen, 1937
    7. Genus Nemocardium Meek, 1876
    8. Genus Pratulum Iredale, 1924
    9. Genus Decussicardium Fischer-Piette, 1977 accepted as Microcardium Keen, 1937 (unaccepted > unavailable name, no description)
    10. Genus Trifaricardium Kuroda & T. Habe, 1951 accepted as Frigidocardium T. Habe, 1951 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    11. Genus Varicardium Marwick, 1944 † accepted as Nemocardium (Varicardium) Marwick, 1944 † accepted as Nemocardium Meek, 1876 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  8. Subfamily Orthocardiinae J. A. Schneider, 2002
    1. Genus Afrocardium Tomlin, 1931
    2. Genus Agnocardia R. B. Stewart, 1930 †
    3. Genus Freneixicardia J. A. Schneider, 2002
    4. Genus Hedecardium Marwick, 1944 †
    5. Genus Loxocardium Cossmann, 1886 †
    6. Genus Lyrocardium Meek, 1876
    7. Genus Orthocardium Tremlett, 1950 †
  9. Subfamily Profraginae Badve, 1977 †
    1. Genus Austrocardium Freneix & Grant-Mackie, 1978 †
    2. Genus Ethmocardium C. A. White, 1880 †
    3. Genus Granocardium Gabb, 1869 †
    4. Genus Profragum Badve, 1977 †
  10. Subfamily Protocardiinae Bronn, 1849 †
    1. Genus Protocardia Beyrich, 1845 †
    2. Genus Protocardium Geinitz, 1874 † accepted as Protocardia Beyrich, 1845 † (unjustified emendation)
  11. Subfamily Trachycardiinae R. B. Stewart, 1930
    1. Genus Acrosterigma Dall, 1900
    2. Genus Dallocardia R. B. Stewart, 1930
    3. Genus Papyridea Swainson, 1840
    4. Genus Trachycardium Mörch, 1853
    5. Genus Vasticardium Iredale, 1927
    6. Genus Cochlea Martyn, 1786 accepted as Vasticardium Iredale, 1927 (Unavailable: published in a work placed by ICZN on Official Index)
    7. Genus Regozara Iredale, 1936 accepted as Vasticardium Iredale, 1927
  12. Subfamily Tridacninae Lamarck, 1819
    1. Genus Avicularium J. E. Gray, 1853 †
    2. Genus Byssocardium Munier-Chalmas, 1882 †
    3. Genus Goniocardium Vasseur, 1880 †
    4. Genus Hippopus Lamarck, 1799
    5. Genus Omanidacna Harzhauser & Mandic, 2008 †
    6. Genus Tridacna Bruguière, 1797
    7. Genus Cerceis Gistel, 1848 accepted as Hippopus Lamarck, 1799 (Replacement name for Hippopus Lamarck, 1799. Invalid: junior homonym of Cerceis Milne Edwards, 1840)
    8. Genus Dinodacna Iredale, 1937 accepted as Tridacna Bruguière, 1797 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    9. Genus Flodacna Iredale, 1937 accepted as Tridacna Bruguière, 1797 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    10. Genus Persikima Iredale, 1937 accepted as Tridacna (Persikima) Iredale, 1937 represented as Tridacna Bruguière, 1797
    11. Genus Sepidacna Iredale, 1937 accepted as Tridacna Bruguière, 1797
    12. Genus Tridachnes Röding, 1798 accepted as Tridacna Bruguière, 1797
    13. Genus Tridacne Link, 1807 accepted as Tridacna Bruguière, 1797 (unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling, Incorrect subsequent spelling.)
    14. Genus Vulgodacna Iredale, 1937 accepted as Tridacna Bruguière, 1797 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  13. Genus Cerastes Poli, 1795 accepted as Cardium (Cerastoderma) Poli, 1795 accepted as Cerastoderma Poli, 1795 (unaccepted > junior homonym, Invalid: a junior homonym of Cerastes Laurenti, 1768 [Reptilia])
  14. Genus Fuscocardium Oyama, 1973 † accepted as Clinocardium Keen, 1936 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  15. Subfamily Stylodacninae Papaianopol, 1987 † accepted as Prosodacnini Keen, 1937 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  16. Genus Trigonocardia [sic] accepted as Trigoniocardia Dall, 1900 (unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling)
  17. Subfamily Cardiidae incertae sedis (temporary name)
    1. Genus Discors Deshayes, 1858
    2. Genus Goethemia Lambiotte, 1979
    3. Genus Habecardium Glibert & van de Poel, 1970 †
    4. Genus Maoricardium Marwick, 1944
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Lamarck J.-B. (M. de) (1809). Philosophie zoologique. <i>Paris 2 vol. pp. 422 pp. 473</i>:  [details]   
MolluscaBase eds. (2024). MolluscaBase. Cardiidae Lamarck, 1809. Accessed at: https://www.molluscabase.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=229 on 2024-04-24
Date
action
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2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
db_admin
2009-01-22 20:27:55Z
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2014-08-26 17:05:17Z
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2021-01-04 05:55:37Z
changed

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original description Lamarck J.-B. (M. de) (1809). Philosophie zoologique. <i>Paris 2 vol. pp. 422 pp. 473</i>:  [details]   

taxonomy source Herrera, N. D.; Poorten, J. J. ter; Bieler, R.; Mikkelsen, P. M.; Strong, E. E.; Jablonski, D.; Steppan, S. J. (2015). Molecular phylogenetics and historical biogeography amid shifting continents in the cockles and giant clams (Bivalvia: Cardiidae). <em>Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution.</em> 93: 94-106., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2015.07.013 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (PeRMS) Paredes, C.; Cardoso, F.; Santamaría, J.; Esplana, J.; Llaja, L. (2016). Lista anotada de los bivalvos marinos del Perú. <em>Revista peruana de biología.</em> 23(2), 127-150., available online at http://www.scielo.org.pe/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1727-99332016000200006 [details]   

additional source Bieler, R.; Carter, J. G.; Coan, E. V. (2010). Classification of Bivalve families. Pp. 113-133, in: Bouchet P. & Rocroi J.-P. (2010), Nomenclator of Bivalve Families. <em>Malacologia.</em> 52(2): 1-184. [details]   

redescription Coan, E. V.; Valentich-Scott, P. (2012). Bivalve seashells of tropical West America. Marine bivalve mollusks from Baja California to northern Peru. 2 vols, 1258 pp. [details]   

status source Poorten, J.J. ter, 2005. Outline of a systematic index - Recent Cardiidae (Lamarck, 1809). VISAYA net. (Updated 2009 for WoRMS), available online at https://www.conchology.be/?t=702&vnet=1316 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Spelling Cardidae [details]
LanguageName 
Dutch kokkelshartschelpen  [details]
English cockles  [details]
French coques  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål hjerteskjell  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk hjarteskjel  [details]
Swedish hjärtmusslor  [details]

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