WoRMS taxon details

Cassis Scopoli, 1777

206265  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:206265)

accepted
Genus
Buccinum cornutum Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Cassis cornuta (Linnaeus, 1758) (type by subsequent designation)

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  1. Species Cassis abbotti Bouchet, 1988
  2. Species Cassis cornuta (Linnaeus, 1758)
  3. Species Cassis exigua Tenison Woods, 1879
  4. Species Cassis fimbriata Quoy & Gaimard, 1833
  5. Species Cassis flammea (Linnaeus, 1758)
  6. Species Cassis kreipli H. Morrison, 2003
  7. Species Cassis madagascariensis Lamarck, 1822
  8. Species Cassis norai Prati Musetti, 1995
  9. Species Cassis patamakanthini Parth, 2000
  10. Species Cassis tessellata (Gmelin, 1791)
  11. Species Cassis tuberosa (Linnaeus, 1758)
  12. Subgenus Cassis (Bezoardica) Schumacher, 1817 accepted as Phalium Link, 1807
    1. Species Cassis (Bezoardica) wyvillei R. B. Watson, 1886 accepted as Echinophoria wyvillei (R. B. Watson, 1886) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  13. Subgenus Cassis (Casmaria) H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853 accepted as Casmaria H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853
    1. Species Cassis (Casmaria) thomsoni Brazier, 1876 accepted as Semicassis thomsoni (Brazier, 1876) (superseded combination)
    2. Species Cassis (Casmaria) turgida Reeve, 1848 accepted as Casmaria turgida (Reeve, 1848)
    3. Species Cassis (Casmaria) vibexmexicana Stearns, 1894 accepted as Casmaria erinaceus (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  14. Subgenus Cassis (Echinophoria) Sacco, 1890 accepted as Echinophoria Sacco, 1890
  15. Subgenus Cassis (Hypocassis) Iredale, 1927 accepted as Cassis Scopoli, 1777
    1. Species Cassis (Hypocassis) exigua Tenison Woods, 1879 accepted as Cassis exigua Tenison Woods, 1879 (superseded combination)
    2. Species Cassis (Hypocassis) fimbriata Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Cassis fimbriata Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 (superseded combination)
    3. Species Cassis (Hypocassis) nana Tenison Woods, 1879 accepted as Cassis nana Tenison Woods, 1879 accepted as Cassis exigua Tenison Woods, 1879 (junior subjective synonym)
    4. Species Cassis (Hypocassis) salisburyensis Ludbrook, 1958 accepted as Cassis exigua Tenison Woods, 1879 (junior subjective synonym)
    5. Species Cassis (Hypocassis) abbotti Bouchet, 1988 represented as Cassis abbotti Bouchet, 1988
    6. Species Cassis (Hypocassis) kreipli H. Morrison, 2003 represented as Cassis kreipli H. Morrison, 2003
    7. Species Cassis (Hypocassis) patamakanthini Parth, 2000 represented as Cassis patamakanthini Parth, 2000
  16. Subgenus Cassis (Phalium) Link, 1807 accepted as Phalium Link, 1807
    1. Subgenus Cassis (Semicassis) Mörch, 1852 accepted as Semicassis Mörch, 1852 (original rank)
      1. Species Cassis (Semicassis) fortisulcata E. A. Smith, 1904 accepted as Semicassis umbilicata (Pease, 1861)
    2. Species Cassis abbreviata Lamarck, 1822 accepted as Semicassis granulata (Born, 1778) (synonym)
    3. Species Cassis achatina Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Semicassis labiata (G. Perry, 1811) (junior subjective synonym)
    4. Species Cassis adansoni Locard, 1886 accepted as Semicassis saburon (Bruguière, 1792) (synonym)
    5. Species Cassis adcocki G. B. Sowerby III, 1896 accepted as Semicassis adcocki (G. B. Sowerby III, 1896) accepted as Antephalium adcocki (G. B. Sowerby III, 1896) (superseded combination)
    6. Species Cassis africana Fulton, 1930 accepted as Semicassis craticulata (Euthyme, 1885)
    7. Species Cassis alba Perry, 1811 accepted as Cassis flammea (Linnaeus, 1758)
    8. Species Cassis alea Röding, 1798 accepted as Phalium areola (Linnaeus, 1758)
    9. Species Cassis areola (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Phalium areola (Linnaeus, 1758)
    10. Species Cassis bezoar Gray, 1839 accepted as Phalium glaucum (Linnaeus, 1758)
    11. Species Cassis bicarinata Jonas, 1839 accepted as Cassis fimbriata Quoy & Gaimard, 1833
    12. Species Cassis bicincta Bayer, 1935 accepted as Cypraecassis testiculus (Linnaeus, 1758)
    13. Species Cassis bisulcata Schubert & J. A. Wagner, 1829 accepted as Semicassis bisulcata (Schubert & J. A. Wagner, 1829) (original combination)
    14. Species Cassis bituberculosa E. von Martens, 1901 accepted as Echinophoria bituberculosa (E. von Martens, 1901) (original combination)
    15. Species Cassis booleyi G. B. Sowerby III, 1900 accepted as Semicassis bisulcata (Schubert & J. A. Wagner, 1829)
    16. Species Cassis calamistrata Locard, 1891 accepted as Semicassis undulata (Gmelin, 1791)
    17. Species Cassis callosa Röding, 1798 accepted as Nassarius gibbosulus (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Tritia gibbosula (Linnaeus, 1758)
    18. Species Cassis callosus Röding, 1798 accepted as Nassarius gibbosulus (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Tritia gibbosula (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    19. Species Cassis cameo W. Stimpson, 1860 accepted as Cassis madagascariensis Lamarck, 1822
    20. Species Cassis cancellata Röding, 1798 accepted as Phalium decussatum (Linnaeus, 1758)
    21. Species Cassis caputequinum Röding, 1798 accepted as Cassis cornuta (Linnaeus, 1758)
    22. Species Cassis centiquadrata Valenciennes, 1832 accepted as Semicassis centiquadrata (Valenciennes, 1832) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    23. Species Cassis cepa Röding, 1798 accepted as Semicassis granulata (Born, 1778)
    24. Species Cassis cernica G. B. Sowerby III, 1888 accepted as Casmaria cernica (G. B. Sowerby III, 1888) (original combination)
    25. Species Cassis coarctata G. B. Sowerby I, 1825 accepted as Cypraecassis coarctata (G. B. Sowerby I, 1825) (original combination)
    26. Species Cassis contusus Tate, 1899 accepted as Cassis exigua Tenison Woods, 1879 (junior subjective synonym)
    27. Species Cassis coronadoi Crosse, 1867 accepted as Echinophoria coronadoi (Crosse, 1867) (original combination)
    28. Species Cassis coronata Röding, 1798 accepted as Cassis tessellata (Gmelin, 1791)
    29. Species Cassis coronulata G. B. Sowerby I, 1825 accepted as Phalium bandatum (Perry, 1811) (junior synonym)
    30. Species Cassis corrugata Swainson, 1822 accepted as Semicassis centiquadrata (Valenciennes, 1832) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    31. Species Cassis craticulatus Euthyme, 1885 accepted as Semicassis craticulata (Euthyme, 1885) (original combination)
    32. Species Cassis crossei Hidalgo, 1896 accepted as Semicassis faurotis (Jousseaume, 1888)
    33. Species Cassis decresensis Hedley, 1923 accepted as Cassis fimbriata Quoy & Gaimard, 1833
    34. Species Cassis denticulata Röding, 1798 accepted as Casmaria erinaceus (Linnaeus, 1758)
    35. Species Cassis doliata Valenciennes, 1832 accepted as Semicassis centiquadrata (Valenciennes, 1832) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    36. Species Cassis exarata Reeve, 1848 accepted as Phalium exaratum (Reeve, 1848) (original combination)
    37. Species Cassis flammeolum Röding, 1798 accepted as Phalium decussatum (Linnaeus, 1758)
    38. Species Cassis flammifera Röding, 1798 accepted as Phalium flammiferum (Röding, 1798) (original combination)
    39. Species Cassis glabra Röding, 1798 accepted as Casmaria erinaceus (Linnaeus, 1758)
    40. Species Cassis glabrata Dunker, 1852 accepted as Semicassis glabrata (Dunker, 1852) (original combination)
    41. Species Cassis glans Röding, 1798 accepted as Demoulia abbreviata (Gmelin, 1791)
    42. Species Cassis glauca (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Phalium glaucum (Linnaeus, 1758)
    43. Species Cassis globulus Röding, 1798 accepted as Semicassis granulata (Born, 1778)
    44. Species Cassis globulus Menke, 1829 accepted as Demoulia ventricosa (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted > junior homonym, junior homonym of Cassis globulus Röding, 1798)
    45. Species Cassis gmelini Locard, 1886 accepted as Semicassis undulata (Gmelin, 1791)
    46. Species Cassis hamata Röding, 1798 accepted as Cassis cornuta (Linnaeus, 1758)
    47. Species Cassis japonica Reeve, 1848 accepted as Semicassis bisulcata (Schubert & J. A. Wagner, 1829)
    48. Species Cassis kalosmodix Melvill, 1883 accepted as Casmaria kalosmodix (Melvill, 1883) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    49. Species Cassis labiata Perry, 1811 accepted as Cassis rufa (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Cypraecassis rufa (Linnaeus, 1758)
    50. Species Cassis labiata Dillwyn, 1817 accepted as Cassis cornuta (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    51. Species Cassis labrosa Martini, 1773 accepted as Malea pomum (Linnaeus, 1758) (Unavailable under Direction 1 as published in non-binominal work)
    52. Species Cassis labrosa J. E. Gray, 1847 accepted as Malea pomum (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
    53. Species Cassis lactea Kiener, 1835 accepted as Semicassis centiquadrata (Valenciennes, 1832) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    54. Species Cassis lacteus Kiener, 1835 accepted as Semicassis granulata (Born, 1778) (synonym)
    55. Species Cassis laevigata Menke, 1828 accepted as Semicassis granulata (Born, 1778)
    56. Species Cassis malum Röding, 1798 accepted as Semicassis granulata (Born, 1778)
    57. Species Cassis marmorata Röding, 1798 accepted as Cassis flammea (Linnaeus, 1758)
    58. Species Cassis massenae Kiener, 1835 accepted as Cypraecassis tenuis (W. Wood, 1828)
    59. Species Cassis microstoma E. von Martens, 1904 accepted as Semicassis microstoma (E. von Martens, 1904) (original combination)
    60. Species Cassis minuta Menke, 1829 accepted as Semicassis granulata (Born, 1778)
    61. Species Cassis mitellapolonica Röding, 1798 accepted as Cypraecassis testiculus (Linnaeus, 1758)
    62. Species Cassis muricata Menke, 1828 accepted as Phalium bandatum (Perry, 1811)
    63. Species Cassis nana Tenison Woods, 1879 accepted as Cassis exigua Tenison Woods, 1879 (junior subjective synonym)
    64. Species Cassis nivea Brazier, 1872 accepted as Semicassis pyrum (Lamarck, 1822) (junior subjective synonym)
    65. Species Cassis nucleus Küster, 1857 accepted as Semicassis bisulcata (Schubert & J. A. Wagner, 1829) (synonym)
    66. Species Cassis paucirugis Menke, 1843 accepted as Semicassis paucirugis (Menke, 1843) (original combination)
    67. Species Cassis pfeifferi Hidalgo, 1917 accepted as Semicassis bisulcata (Schubert & J. A. Wagner, 1829)
    68. Species Cassis pila Reeve, 1848 accepted as Semicassis bisulcata (Schubert & J. A. Wagner, 1829)
    69. Species Cassis pileolus Röding, 1798 accepted as Cypraecassis testiculus (Linnaeus, 1758)
    70. Species Cassis pirum accepted as Cassis pyrum Lamarck, 1822 accepted as Semicassis pyrum (Lamarck, 1822) (misspelling)
    71. Species Cassis platystomus Brugnone, 1880 accepted as Semicassis saburon (Bruguière, 1792) (synonym)
    72. Species Cassis plicaria Lamarck, 1822 accepted as Phalium fimbria (Gmelin, 1791)
    73. Species Cassis plicata Deshayes, 1844 accepted as Phalium fimbria (Gmelin, 1791)
    74. Species Cassis plicata Scopoli, 1786 accepted as Semicassis granulata (Born, 1778)
    75. Species Cassis pyrum Lamarck, 1822 accepted as Semicassis pyrum (Lamarck, 1822) (superseded combination)
    76. Species Cassis ringens Swainson, 1822 accepted as Malea ringens (Swainson, 1822) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    77. Species Cassis rotundata Perry, 1811 accepted as Cassis madagascariensis Lamarck, 1822 (Declared a nomen oblitum by Petit (2003) under ICZN Article 23.9.2)
    78. Species Cassis rufa (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Cypraecassis rufa (Linnaeus, 1758)
    79. Species Cassis rufescens Röding, 1798 accepted as Cassis rufa (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Cypraecassis rufa (Linnaeus, 1758)
    80. Species Cassis rugosa Röding, 1798 accepted as Phalium flammiferum (Röding, 1798)
    81. Species Cassis saburon (Bruguière, 1792) accepted as Semicassis saburon (Bruguière, 1792)
    82. Species Cassis saburoni Locard, 1886 accepted as Semicassis saburon (Bruguière, 1792) (synonym)
    83. Species Cassis salisburyensis Ludbrook, 1958 accepted as Cassis exigua Tenison Woods, 1879 (junior subjective synonym)
    84. Species Cassis semigranosa Lamarck, 1822 accepted as Semicassis semigranosa (Lamarck, 1822) accepted as Antephalium semigranosum (Lamarck, 1822) (superseded combination)
    85. Species Cassis sophia Brazier, 1872 accepted as Semicassis sophia (Brazier, 1872) (superseded combination)
    86. Species Cassis spinosa Deshayes, 1844 accepted as Cassis tessellata (Gmelin, 1791)
    87. Species Cassis spinosa Gronovius, 1781 accepted as Cassis tessellata (Gmelin, 1791) (unavailable name: published in a work rejected by ICZN Opinion 261; made available by Deshayes (1844))
    88. Species Cassis sulcosus (Bruguière, 1792) accepted as Semicassis granulata (Born, 1778)
    89. Species Cassis tenuilabris Menke, 1828 accepted as Casmaria ponderosa (Gmelin, 1791)
    90. Species Cassis tenuis W. Wood, 1828 accepted as Cypraecassis tenuis (W. Wood, 1828) (original combination)
    91. Species Cassis tessellata L. Pfeiffer, 1840 accepted as Semicassis granulata (Born, 1778)
    92. Species Cassis testiculus (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Cypraecassis testiculus (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    93. Species Cassis thomsoni Brazier, 1876 accepted as Semicassis thomsoni (Brazier, 1876) (superseded combination)
    94. Species Cassis torquata Reeve, 1848 accepted as Casmaria ponderosa (Gmelin, 1791)
    95. Species Cassis triangularis Coulon, 1936 accepted as Cassis tuberosa (Linnaeus, 1758)
    96. Species Cassis triquetra Rigacci, 1866 accepted as Cassis tuberosa (Linnaeus, 1758)
    97. Species Cassis tuberosa Röding, 1798 accepted as Cassis rufa (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Cypraecassis rufa (Linnaeus, 1758)
    98. Species Cassis tumida Petterd, 1886 accepted as Semicassis pyrum (Lamarck, 1822) (junior subjective synonym)
    99. Species Cassis turgida Reeve, 1848 accepted as Casmaria turgida (Reeve, 1848) (original combination)
    100. Species Cassis umbilicata Pease, 1861 (unaccepted, original combination)
    101. Species Cassis undulata (Gmelin, 1791) (unaccepted)
    102. Species Cassis variegata Perry, 1811 (unaccepted)
    103. Species Cassis vibex (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    104. Species Cassis vibexmexicana Stearns, 1894 (unaccepted)
    105. Species Cassis wyvillei R. B. Watson, 1886 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    106. Species Cassis zebra Lamarck, 1822 (unaccepted)
    107. Species Cassis zeylanica Lamarck, 1822 (unaccepted, superseded combination)
    108. Subgenus Cassis (Cassis) Scopoli, 1777 (alternative representation)
      1. Species Cassis (Cassis) cornuta (Linnaeus, 1758) represented as Cassis cornuta (Linnaeus, 1758)
      2. Species Cassis (Cassis) flammea (Linnaeus, 1758) represented as Cassis flammea (Linnaeus, 1758)
      3. Species Cassis (Cassis) madagascariensis Lamarck, 1822 represented as Cassis madagascariensis Lamarck, 1822
      4. Species Cassis (Cassis) norai Prati Musetti, 1995 represented as Cassis norai Prati Musetti, 1995
      5. Species Cassis (Cassis) tessellata (Gmelin, 1791) represented as Cassis tessellata (Gmelin, 1791)
      6. Species Cassis (Cassis) tuberosa (Linnaeus, 1758) represented as Cassis tuberosa (Linnaeus, 1758)
    109. Species Cassis scrobiculata Menke, 1828 (uncertain > unassessed)
    marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
    feminine
    Scopoli, G.A. (1777). Introductio ad historiam naturalem, sistens genera lapidum, plantarum et animalium hactenus detecta, caracteribus essentialibus donata, in tribus divisa, subinde ad leges naturae. <em>Pragae. Wolfgang Gerle.</em> Pp i-x + 1-506., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/10827
    page(s): 393 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
    MolluscaBase eds. (2024). MolluscaBase. Cassis Scopoli, 1777. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=206265 on 2024-06-16
    Date
    action
    by
    1997-06-07 07:51:36Z
    created
    1998-01-05 09:58:19Z
    changed
    2006-03-20 08:13:00Z
    changed
    2010-12-11 11:53:02Z
    changed
    2017-01-13 17:34:31Z
    changed
    2017-01-14 19:02:28Z
    changed
    2018-10-07 05:36:16Z
    changed

    Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


    original description Scopoli, G.A. (1777). Introductio ad historiam naturalem, sistens genera lapidum, plantarum et animalium hactenus detecta, caracteribus essentialibus donata, in tribus divisa, subinde ad leges naturae. <em>Pragae. Wolfgang Gerle.</em> Pp i-x + 1-506., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/10827
    page(s): 393 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

    original description  (of Cassidea Bruguière, 1789) Bruguière, J. G. (1789-1792). <i>Encyclopédie méthodique ou par ordre de matières. Histoire naturelle des vers</i>, volume 1. Paris: Pancoucke. Pp. i-xviii, 1-344 [Livraison 32, June 1789]; 345-757 [Livraison 48, 13 Feb. 1792] [Dates after Evenhuis, 2003, <i>Zootaxa</i>, 166: 37; <i>Zootaxa</i>, 207, some modified by Evenhuis & Petit 2003 Zootaxa 207:1-4]. , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/8892006 [details]   

    original description  (of Hypocassis Iredale, 1927) Iredale, T. (1927). A review of Australian helmet shells (family Cassididae — phylum Mollusca). <em>Records of the Australian Museum.</em> 15: 321-354, pls 31-32., available online at http://australianmuseum.net.au/journal/Iredale-1927-Rec-Aust-Mus-155-321354
    page(s): 329 [details]   

    original description  (of Goniogalea Mörch, 1857) Mörch, O. A. L. (1857). Catalogus conchylorum quae reliquit I.M.N. Suenson, & c . Hafniae: Chr. F. Graebei. 52 pp.
    page(s): 21 [details]   

    original description  (of Nannocassis Iredale, 1927) Iredale, T. (1927). A review of Australian helmet shells (family Cassididae — phylum Mollusca). <em>Records of the Australian Museum.</em> 15: 321-354, pls 31-32., available online at http://australianmuseum.net.au/journal/Iredale-1927-Rec-Aust-Mus-155-321354
    page(s): 328 [details]   

    basis of record Verbinnen G., Segers L., Swinnen F., Kreipl K. & Monsecour D. (2016). <i>Cassidae. An amazing family of seashells.</i> Harxheim: ConchBooks. 251 pp. [details]   
     
     Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    From editor or global species database
    Grammatical gender feminine, following Latin noun cassis, meaning "helmet". [details]
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