MolluscaBase taxon details

Helix Linnaeus, 1758

153970  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:153970)

accepted
Genus
Helix pomatia Linnaeus, 1758 (type by subsequent designation)
Coenatoria Held, 1838 · unaccepted
Cunula Pallary, 1936 · unaccepted
Helicigona (Helix) Linnaeus, 1758 · unaccepted > superseded combination
Helicites W. Martin, 1809 † · unaccepted (Established for fossils of Helix...)  
Established for fossils of Helix to distinguish them from extant members of that taxon. Invalid: available only for the purposes of the Principle of Homonymy (Art. 20)
Helix (Helicogena) A. Férussac, 1821 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Helix (Helix) Linnaeus, 1758 · alternative representation
Helix (Helocogena) [sic] · unaccepted (misspelling)
Helix (Naegelea) P. Hesse, 1918 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Helix (Pelasga) P. Hesse, 1908 · alternative representation
Helix (Physospira) C. R. Boettger, 1914 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Helix (Pomatia) H. Beck, 1837 · unaccepted (Invalid: junior homonym of...)  
Invalid: junior homonym of Pomatia Röding, 1798; and junior objective synonym of Helix
Helix (Tyrrhenaria) P. Hesse, 1918 · unaccepted (original rank)
Naegelea P. Hesse, 1918 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Pentataenia A. Schmidt, 1855 · unaccepted (junior objective synonym)
Physospira C. R. Boettger, 1914 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Pomatia Beck, 1837 · unaccepted
Pomatia (Naegelea) P. Hesse, 1918 · alternative representation
Pomatiana Fagot, 1903 · unaccepted
Pseudofigulina P. Hesse, 1917 · unaccepted (invalid; unnecessary substitute name)
Tacheopsis C. R. Boettger, 1909 · unaccepted (junior synonym)
Tyrrhenaria P. Hesse, 1918 · unaccepted (junior synonym)

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  1. Subgenus Helix (Aegaeohelix) Korábek & Hausdorf, 2023
    1. Species Helix (Aegaeohelix) godetiana Kobelt, 1878 represented as Helix godetiana Kobelt, 1878
  2. Species Helix albescens Rossmässler, 1839
  3. Species Helix anctostoma E. von Martens, 1874
  4. Species Helix ankae Korabek & Hausdorf, 2023
  5. Species Helix antiochiensis Kobelt, 1896
  6. Species Helix asemnis Bourguignat, 1860
  7. Species Helix barbeyana De Stefani, 1891 †
  8. Species Helix borealis Mousson, 1859
  9. Species Helix brotii Bonnet, 1864
  10. Species Helix buchii Dubois de Montpéreux, 1840
  11. Species Helix calabrica Westerlund, 1876
  12. Species Helix ceratina Shuttleworth, 1843
  13. Species Helix cincta O. F. Müller, 1774
  14. Species Helix delacouri Mabille, 1880
  15. Species Helix dormitoris (Kobelt, 1898)
  16. Species Helix engaddensis Bourguignat, 1852
  17. Species Helix fathallae Nägele, 1901
  18. Species Helix figulina Rossmässler, 1839
  19. Species Helix godetiana Kobelt, 1878
  20. Species Helix gussoneana L. Pfeiffer, 1848
  21. Species Helix kadolskyi Neubauer & Harzhauser, 2023 †
  22. Species Helix kazouiniana (Pallary, 1939)
  23. Species Helix krejcii Wenz, 1926 †
  24. Species Helix ligata O. F. Müller, 1774
  25. Species Helix lucorum Linnaeus, 1758
  26. Species Helix lutescens Rossmässler, 1837
  27. Species Helix maeotica Steklov, 1966 †
  28. Species Helix melanostoma Draparnaud, 1801
  29. Species Helix mileti Kobelt, 1906
  30. Species Helix mrazeci Sevastos, 1922 †
  31. Species Helix nicaeensis A. Férussac, 1821
  32. Species Helix nucula Mousson, 1854
  33. Species Helix pathetica Mousson, 1854
  34. Species Helix pelagonesica (H. Rolle, 1898)
  35. Species Helix persimilis Shuttleworth, 1852 (accepted > unreplaced junior homonym, original combination)
  36. Species Helix philibinensis Rossmässler, 1839
  37. Species Helix pomacella Mousson, 1854
  38. Species Helix pomatella Kobelt, 1876
  39. Species Helix pomatia Linnaeus, 1758
  40. Species Helix pronuba Westerlund, 1879
  41. Species Helix salomonica Nägele, 1899
  42. Species Helix schlaeflii Mousson, 1859
  43. Species Helix secernenda Rossmässler, 1847
  44. Species Helix straminea Briganti, 1825
  45. Species Helix sublutescens Wenz, 1926 †
  46. Species Helix thessalica O. Boettger, 1886
  47. Species Helix valentini Kobelt, 1891
  48. Species Helix vladika (Kobelt, 1898)
  49. Subgenus Helix (Acanthinula) H. Beck, 1847 accepted as Acanthinula H. Beck, 1847 (original rank)
    1. Species Helix (Acanthinula) aculeata O. F. Müller, 1774 accepted as Acanthinula aculeata (O. F. Müller, 1774) (unaccepted combination)
    2. Species Helix (Acanthinula) bouryi Cossmann, 1889 † accepted as Acanthinula stueri (Cossmann, 1892) † (unaccepted > junior homonym, junior homonym of H. bouryi Morgan, 1885; Helix stueri is a replacement name)
    3. Species Helix (Acanthinula) harpula Reinhardt, 1886 accepted as Salpingoma harpula (Reinhardt, 1886) (original combination)
    4. Species Helix (Acanthinula) paronae Sacco, 1887 † accepted as Acanthinula paronae (Sacco, 1887) † (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    5. Species Helix (Acanthinula) pygmaea Simionescu & Barbu, 1940 † accepted as Acanthinula pygmaea (Simionescu & Barbu, 1940) † (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    6. Species Helix (Acanthinula) steudneri Jickeli, 1874 accepted as Sitala steudneri (Jickeli, 1874)
    7. Species Helix (Acanthinula) tuchoricensis Klika, 1891 † accepted as Acanthinula tuchoricensis (Klika, 1891) † (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  50. Subgenus Helix (Acavus) Montfort, 1810 accepted as Acavus Montfort, 1810 (unaccepted > superseded rank)
    1. Species Helix (Acavus) coraliolabris E. A. Smith, 1887 accepted as Letitia chapmani (J. C. Cox, 1879) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    2. Species Helix (Acavus) fastosa Albers, 1854 accepted as Acavus haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1758)
    3. Species Helix (Acavus) grevillei L. Pfeiffer, 1856 accepted as Acavus grevillei (L. Pfeiffer, 1857) accepted as Acavus superbus (L. Pfeiffer, 1850) (junior synonym)
    4. Species Helix (Acavus) haemastoma Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Acavus haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    5. Species Helix (Acavus) melanotragus Born, 1778 accepted as Acavus haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1758)
    6. Species Helix (Acavus) phoenix L. Pfeiffer, 1854 accepted as Acavus phoenix (L. Pfeiffer, 1854) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    7. Species Helix (Acavus) prosperus Albers, 1857 accepted as Acavus haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1758)
    8. Species Helix (Acavus) skinneri Reeve, 1854 accepted as Oligospira skinneri (Reeve, 1854) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    9. Species Helix (Acavus) superba L. Pfeiffer, 1850 accepted as Acavus superbus (L. Pfeiffer, 1850) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    10. Species Helix (Acavus) waltoni Reeve, 1842 accepted as Oligospira valtoni (Reeve, 1842) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  51. Subgenus Helix (Actinella) R. T. Lowe, 1852 accepted as Actinella R. T. Lowe, 1852
    1. Species Helix (Actinella) sphaerula R. T. Lowe, 1852 † accepted as Caseolus sphaerula (R. T. Lowe, 1852) † (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    2. Species Helix (Actinella) stellaris R. T. Lowe, 1852 accepted as Actinella lentiginosa stellaris (R. T. Lowe, 1852) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  52. Subgenus Helix (Aculeatiana) Caziot, 1910 accepted as Acanthinula H. Beck, 1847 (unaccepted > junior objective synonym)
  53. Subgenus Helix (Acusta) E. von Martens, 1860 accepted as Acusta E. von Martens, 1860 (unaccepted > superseded rank)
    1. Species Helix (Acusta) brevispira H. Adams, 1870 accepted as Bradybaena brevispira (H. Adams, 1870) (basionym)
    2. Species Helix (Acusta) lineolata Möllendorff, 1875 accepted as Acusta lineolata (Möllendorff, 1875) (original combination)
    3. Species Helix (Acusta) plicosa E. von Martens, 1894 accepted as Acusta plicosa (E. von Martens, 1894)
    4. Species Helix (Acusta) secusana Gredler, 1892 accepted as Cathaica secusana (Gredler, 1892) (original combination)
    5. Species Helix (Acusta) nora H. Adams, 1870 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  54. Subgenus Helix (Aegista) Albers, 1850 accepted as Aegista Albers, 1850
    1. Species Helix (Aegista) blakei Kobelt, 1879 accepted as Karaftohelix blakeana (Newcomb, 1865) (junior synonym)
    2. Species Helix (Aegista) gerlachi E. von Martens, 1881 accepted as Plectotropis gerlachi (E. von Martens, 1881) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    3. Species Helix (Aegista) gottschei Möllendorff, 1887 accepted as Aegista gottschei (Möllendorff, 1887) (original combination)
    4. Species Helix (Aegista) grumulus Godwin-Austen, 1891 accepted as Landouria grumulus (Godwin-Austen, 1891) (original combination)
    5. Species Helix (Aegista) kobensis Schmacker & O. Boettger, 1890 accepted as Aegista kobensis (Schmacker & O. Boettger, 1890) (invalid; not O. Boettger, 1883)
    6. Species Helix (Aegista) laurentii Gredler, 1887 accepted as Aegista laurentii (Gredler, 1887) (original combination)
    7. Species Helix (Aegista) mitanensis Godwin-Austen, 1889 accepted as Aegista mitanensis (Godwin-Austen, 1889)
    8. Species Helix (Aegista) packhaensis Bavay & Dautzenberg, 1909 accepted as Aegista packhaensis (Bavay & Dautzenberg, 1909) (original combination)
    9. Species Helix (Aegista) ponticus Halaváts, 1923 † accepted as Apula goniostoma (F. Sandberger, 1872) †
    10. Species Helix (Aegista) pudica Godwin-Austen, 1891 accepted as Trachia pudica (Godwin-Austen, 1891) (original combination)
    11. Species Helix (Aegista) virilis Gredler, 1887 accepted as Ganesella virilis (Gredler, 1887) (original combination)
    12. Species Helix (Aegista) amphiglypta Ancey, 1882 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
    13. Species Helix (Aegista) pannonica Lörenthey, 1906 † (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
    14. Species Helix (Aegista) perplanata G. Nevill, 1877 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  55. Subgenus Helix (Aerope) E. von Martens, 1890 accepted as Natalina Pilsbry, 1893
    1. Species Helix (Aerope) eumacta Melvill & Ponsonby, 1892 accepted as Natalina cafra eumacta (Melvill & Ponsonby, 1892) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    2. Species Helix (Aerope) trimeni Melvill & Ponsonby, 1892 accepted as Afrorhytida trimeni (Melvill & Ponsonby, 1892) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  56. Subgenus Helix (Aglaja) Albers, 1850 accepted as Lysinoe H. Adams & A. Adams, 1855 (Invalid: junior homonym of Aglaja Renier, 1807 [Opisthobranchia]; Lysinoe is a replacement name)
    1. Species Helix (Aglaja) macasi E. T. Higgins, 1872 accepted as Epiphragmophora macasi (E. T. Higgins, 1872) (original combination)
    2. Species Helix (Aglaja) yocotulana Doering, 1875 accepted as Epiphragmophora hieronymi (Doering, 1875) (junior synonym)
    3. Species Helix (Aglaja) farrisi E. T. Higgins, 1868 (uncertain > unassessed)
  57. Subgenus Helix (Alabastrina) Kobelt, 1904 accepted as Loxana Pallary, 1899 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    1. Species Helix (Alabastrina) tingitana Paladihe, 1875 accepted as Otala tingitana (Paladilhe, 1875) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  58. Subgenus Helix (Allognathus) Pilsbry, 1888 accepted as Allognathus Pilsbry, 1888 (original rank)
  59. Subgenus Helix (Allolaemus) Pilsbry, 1895 † accepted as Campylaea (Allolaemus) Pilsbry, 1895 † represented as Campylaea H. Beck, 1837
  60. Subgenus Helix (Amandana) Fagot, 1891 accepted as Xerocrassa (Amandana) Fagot, 1891 represented as Xerocrassa Monterosato, 1892
  61. Subgenus Helix (Ampelita) H. Beck, 1837 accepted as Ampelita H. Beck, 1837 (original rank)
    1. Species Helix (Ampelita) lachesis Deshayes, 1850
    2. Species Helix (Ampelita) alluaudi Dautzenberg, 1895 accepted as Ampelita alluaudi (Dautzenberg, 1895) (original combination)
    3. Species Helix (Ampelita) campbelliana Pilsbry in Tryon, 1890 accepted as Ampelita gaudens var. campbelliana (Pilsbry in Tryon, 1890) (original combination)
    4. Species Helix (Ampelita) clotho Deshayes, 1850 accepted as Ampelita clotho (Deshayes, 1850) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    5. Species Helix (Ampelita) consanguinea Deshayes, 1850 accepted as Ampelita consanguinea (Deshayes, 1850) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    6. Species Helix (Ampelita) eurychila Crosse & P. Fischer, 1883 accepted as Ampelita sepulcralis (A. Férussac, 1821) (junior synonym)
    7. Species Helix (Ampelita) gonostyla Ancey, 1882 accepted as Ampelita calypso (L. Pfeiffer, 1862) accepted as Ampelita basizona Mousson, 1882 (junior synonym)
    8. Species Helix (Ampelita) granulosa Deshayes, 1850 accepted as Ampelita granulosa (Deshayes, 1850) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    9. Species Helix (Ampelita) lamothei Dautzenberg, 1895 accepted as Ampelita lamothei (Dautzenberg, 1895)
    10. Species Helix (Ampelita) lanciformis O. Boettger, 1889 accepted as Ampelita gaudens (Mabille, 1884) (junior synonym)
    11. Species Helix (Ampelita) percyana E. A. Smith, 1880 accepted as Ampelita percyana (E. A. Smith, 1880) (original combination)
    12. Species Helix (Ampelita) shavi E. A. Smith, 1879 accepted as Ampelita xystera (L. Pfeiffer, 1841) (junior synonym)
    13. Species Helix (Ampelita) subatropos Dautzenberg, 1895 accepted as Ampelita subatropos (Dautzenberg, 1895) (original combination)
  62. Subgenus Helix (Amphidoxa) Albers, 1850 accepted as Amphidoxa Albers, 1850 (original rank)
  63. Subgenus Helix (Angrandiella) Ancey, 1886 accepted as Epiphragmophora (Angrandiella) Ancey, 1886 represented as Epiphragmophora Doering, 1875 (basionym)
  64. Subgenus Helix (Anguispira) E. S. Morse, 1864 accepted as Anguispira E. S. Morse, 1864 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    1. Species Helix (Anguispira) idahoensis (uncertain)
  65. Subgenus Helix (Archelix) Albers, 1850 accepted as Otala Schumacher, 1817 (objective junior synonym)
    1. Species Helix (Archelix) pomiformis F. Sandberger, 1858 † accepted as Galactochiloides braunii (Thomä, 1845) † (unaccepted > junior objective synonym)
    2. Species Helix (Archelix) pythiusensis Bofill & Aguilar-Amat, 1924 accepted as Iberellus pythiusensis (Bofill & Aguilar-Amat, 1924) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    3. Species Helix (Archelix) tioukaensis Jodot, 1953 † accepted as Otala tioukaensis (Jodot, 1953) † (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  66. Subgenus Helix (Arianta) W. Turton, 1831 accepted as Arianta W. Turton, 1831 (unaccepted > superseded rank)
    1. Species Helix (Arianta) arbustorum Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Arianta arbustorum (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  67. Subgenus Helix (Arionta) E. von Martens, 1860 accepted as Arianta W. Turton, 1831 (unaccepted > unjustified emendation)
    1. Species Helix (Arionta) arbustorum Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Arianta arbustorum (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted rank)
    2. Species Helix (Arionta) arrosa W. G. Binney, 1858 accepted as Helminthoglypta arrosa arrosa (W. G. Binney, 1858)
    3. Species Helix (Arionta) carpenteri Newcomb, 1861 accepted as Helminthoglypta carpenteri (Newcomb, 1861) (unaccepted combination)
    4. Species Helix (Arionta) coloradoensis Stearns, 1891 accepted as Sonorella coloradoensis (Stearns, 1891) (original combination)
    5. Species Helix (Arionta) kelleti [sic] accepted as Xerarionta kellettii (Forbes, 1850) (misspelling of original species name, Helix kellettii Forbes, 1850)
    6. Species Helix (Arionta) magdalenensis Stearns, 1891 accepted as Sonorella magdalenensis (Stearns, 1890)
    7. Species Helix (Arionta) elatior E. von Martens, 1868 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum, use in more recent taxonomic literature currently undocumented)
    8. Species Helix (Arionta) tardyi Delafond & Depéret, 1893 † (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  68. Subgenus Helix (Ariophanta) Des Moulins, 1829 accepted as Ariophanta Des Moulins, 1829 (original rank)
  69. Subgenus Helix (Aspasita) Westerlund, 1889 accepted as Aspasita Westerlund, 1889 (original rank)
  70. Subgenus Helix (Atlasica) Pallary, 1917 accepted as Loxana Pallary, 1899 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  71. Subgenus Helix (Atopa) Albers, 1850 accepted as Corilla H. Adams & A. Adams, 1855 (Invalid: junior homonym of Atopa Paykull, 1799 [Coleoptera])
  72. Subgenus Helix (Aulacospira) Möllendorff, 1890 accepted as Aulacospira Möllendorff, 1890
    1. Species Helix (Aulacospira) azpeitiae Hidalgo, 1890 accepted as Pseudostreptaxis azpeitiae (Hidalgo, 1890) (original combination)
  73. Subgenus Helix (Axina) Albers, 1850 accepted as Anixa Pilsbry, 1895 (Invalid: junior homonym of Axina Kirby, 1819 [Coleoptera]; Anixa is a replacement name)
  74. Subgenus Helix (Bradybaena) H. Beck, 1837 accepted as Bradybaena H. Beck, 1837 (original rank)
  75. Subgenus Helix (Brazieria) Ancey, 1887 accepted as Brazieria Ancey, 1887 (unaccepted > superseded rank)
  76. Subgenus Helix (Buliminopsis) Heude, 1890 accepted as Buliminopsis Heude, 1890 accepted as Pseudobuliminus Gredler, 1886 (unaccepted rank)
    1. Species Helix (Buliminopsis) chineensis Bavay & Dautzenberg, 1909 accepted as Coccoderma chineensis (Bavay & Dautzenberg, 1909) accepted as Apoecus chineensis (Bavay & Dautzenberg, 1909) (basionym)
    2. Species Helix (Buliminopsis) corti Bavay & Dautzenberg, 1909 accepted as Coccoderma corti (Bavay & Dautzenberg, 1909) accepted as Apoecus corti (Bavay & Dautzenberg, 1909) (original combination)
    3. Species Helix (Buliminopsis) straminea (Möllendorff, 1901) accepted as Ganesella straminea (Möllendorff, 1901) (unaccepted combination)
    4. Species Helix (Buliminopsis) substraminea Bavay & Dautzenberg, 1909 accepted as Ganesella substraminea (Bavay & Dautzenberg, 1909) (original combination)
  77. Subgenus Helix (Bulimulus) Leach, 1814 accepted as Bulimulus Leach, 1814
    1. Species Helix (Bulimulus) turritellatus (A. d'Orbigny, 1835) accepted as Bulimulus turritella (A. d'Orbigny, 1835)
  78. Subgenus Helix (Bulimus) Bruguière, 1789 accepted as Bulimus Bruguière, 1789
    1. Species Helix (Bulimus) chilensis (Lesson, 1830) accepted as Plectostylus chilensis (Lesson, 1830) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    2. Species Helix (Bulimus) longiseta S. Moricand, 1846 accepted as Protoglyptus longiseta (S. Moricand, 1846) (basionym)
    3. Species Helix (Bulimus) rivasii A. d'Orbigny, 1837 accepted as Naesiotus rivasii (A. d'Orbigny, 1837) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  79. Subgenus Helix (Callicochlias) Agassiz, 1847 accepted as Calocochlea W. Hartmann, 1843 (unaccepted > unjustified emendation)
    1. Species Helix (Callicochlias) annae O. Semper, 1862 accepted as Calocochlea festiva (Donovan, 1825)
    2. Species Helix (Callicochlias) semirufa Albers, 1850 accepted as Helicostyla (Calocochlea) semirufa (Albers, 1850) (original combination)
  80. Subgenus Helix (Callina) R. T. Lowe, 1855 accepted as Callina R. T. Lowe, 1855 (original rank)
  81. Subgenus Helix (Calocochlea) W. Hartmann, 1843 accepted as Calocochlea W. Hartmann, 1843 (unaccepted > superseded rank)
    1. Species Helix (Calocochlea) festiva Donovan, 1825 accepted as Calocochlea festiva (Donovan, 1825) (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  82. Subgenus Helix (Camaena) Albers, 1850 accepted as Camaena Albers, 1850 (original rank)
    1. Species Helix (Camaena) aureedensis Brazier, 1872 accepted as Figuladra aureedensis (Brazier, 1872) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    2. Species Helix (Camaena) bairdi H. Adams, 1866 accepted as Satsuma bairdi (H. Adams, 1866) (original combination)
    3. Species Helix (Camaena) barneyi J. C. Cox, 1873 accepted as Hadra barneyi (J. C. Cox, 1873) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    4. Species Helix (Camaena) billeti H. Fischer, 1898 accepted as Camaena billeti (H. Fischer, 1898) (original combination)
    5. Species Helix (Camaena) challisi J. C. Cox, 1873 accepted as Figuladra challisi (J. C. Cox, 1873) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    6. Species Helix (Camaena) cicatricosa (O. F. Müller, 1774) accepted as Camaena cicatricosa (O. F. Müller, 1774)
    7. Species Helix (Camaena) contractiva Mabille, 1889 accepted as Aegistohadra contractiva (Mabille, 1889) (unaccepted combination)
    8. Species Helix (Camaena) duporti Bavay & Dautzenberg, 1909 accepted as Neotrachia duporti (Bavay & Dautzenberg, 1909) (basionym)
    9. Species Helix (Camaena) editha A. Adams, 1868 accepted as Karaftohelix editha (A. Adams, 1868) (original combination)
    10. Species Helix (Camaena) gabriellae Dautzenberg & d'Hammonville, 1887 accepted as Camaena gabriellae (Dautzenberg & d'Hammonville, 1887)
    11. Species Helix (Camaena) graeseri Mousson, 1887 accepted as Bradybaena graeseri (Mousson, 1887) (original combination)
    12. Species Helix (Camaena) hainanensis H. Adams, 1870 accepted as Camaena hainanensis (H. Adams, 1870) (original combination)
    13. Species Helix (Camaena) latilabris Möllendorff, 1874 accepted as Bradybaena latilabris (Möllendorff, 1874) (invalid; not H. Beck, 1838)
    14. Species Helix (Camaena) lavezzarii Bavay & Dautzenberg, 1900 accepted as Camaena choboensis (Mabille, 1889) (synonym)
    15. Species Helix (Camaena) lewisii E. A. Smith, 1878 accepted as Satsuma lewisii (E. A. Smith, 1878) (original combination)
    16. Species Helix (Camaena) maackii Gerstfeldt, 1859 accepted as Karaftohelix maackii (Gerstfeldt, 1859) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    17. Species Helix (Camaena) medianus Legrand, 1871 accepted as Mulathena fordei (Brazier, 1871) (junior synonym)
    18. Species Helix (Camaena) miranda A. Adams, 1868 accepted as Ainohelix blakeana (Newcomb, 1865) accepted as Karaftohelix blakeana (Newcomb, 1865) (junior synonym)
    19. Species Helix (Camaena) mirifica Bavay & Dautzenberg, 1909 accepted as Aegistohadra mirifica (Bavay & Dautzenberg, 1909) (original combination)
    20. Species Helix (Camaena) noetlingi E. von Martens, 1897 accepted as Camaena noetlingi (E. von Martens, 1897) (original combination)
    21. Species Helix (Camaena) patricia (L. Pfeiffer, 1859) accepted as Chloraea patricia (L. Pfeiffer, 1859) (unaccepted generic combination)
    22. Species Helix (Camaena) praetermissi J. C. Cox, 1868 accepted as Figuladra appendiculata (Reeve, 1854) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    23. Species Helix (Camaena) seraphinica Heude, 1890 accepted as Aegistohadra seraphinica (Heude, 1890) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    24. Species Helix (Camaena) serotina A. Adams, 1868 accepted as Ainohelix blakeana (Newcomb, 1865) accepted as Karaftohelix blakeana (Newcomb, 1865) (junior synonym)
    25. Species Helix (Camaena) succincta H. Adams, 1866 accepted as Satsuma succincta (H. Adams, 1866) (original combination)
    26. Species Helix (Camaena) vayssierei Bavay & Dautzenberg, 1909 accepted as Camaena vayssierei (Bavay & Dautzenberg, 1909) (original combination)
    27. Species Helix (Camaena) vorvonga Bavay & Dautzenberg, 1900 accepted as Camaena vorvonga (Bavay & Dautzenberg, 1900) (original combination)
    28. Species Helix (Camaena) tchiliensis Möllendorff, 1875 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  83. Subgenus Helix (Camaenopsis) Dollfus & Dautzenberg, 1924 † accepted as Camaenopsis Dollfus & Dautzenberg, 1924 † (unaccepted > superseded rank)
    1. Species Helix (Camaenopsis) daguini Dollfus & Dautzenberg, 1924 † accepted as Camaenopsis daguini (Dollfus & Dautzenberg, 1924) † (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  84. Subgenus Helix (Camena) E. von Martens, 1860 accepted as Camaena Albers, 1850 (invalid: unjustified emendation of Camaena)
    1. Species Helix (Camena) congenita E. A. Smith, 1878 accepted as Euhadra congenita (E. A. Smith, 1878) (original combination)
    2. Species Helix (Camena) constantiae H. Adams, 1870 accepted as Cathaica constantiae (H. Adams, 1870) (original combination)
    3. Species Helix (Camena) congener E. A. Smith, 1878 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum, basionym)
  85. Subgenus Helix (Campylaea) H. Beck, 1837 accepted as Campylaea H. Beck, 1837
    1. Species Helix (Campylaea) appeliana Mousson, 1876 accepted as Euomphalia aristata (Krynicki, 1836) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    2. Species Helix (Campylaea) choristochila O. Boettger, 1886 accepted as Josephinella choristochila (O. Boettger, 1886) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
    3. Species Helix (Campylaea) cyclolabris Deshayes, 1840 accepted as Thiessea cyclolabris (Deshayes, 1840) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    4. Species Helix (Campylaea) fabarensis Tuccimei, 1889 † accepted as Tacheocampylaea fabarensis (Tuccimei, 1889) † (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    5. Species Helix (Campylaea) krueperi O. Boettger, 1891 accepted as Josephinella krueperi (O. Boettger, 1891) (original combination)
    6. Species Helix (Campylaea) macrostoma Rossmässler, 1837 accepted as Campylaea macrostoma (Rossmässler, 1837) (unaccepted combination)
    7. Species Helix (Campylaea) narzanensis Krynicki, 1836 accepted as Fruticocampylaea narzanensis (Krynicki, 1836) (unaccepted combination)
    8. Species Helix (Campylaea) planospira Lamarck, 1822 accepted as Campylaea planospira (Lamarck, 1822) (unaccepted combination)
    9. Species Helix (Campylaea) pratensis L. Pfeiffer, 1846 accepted as Hesseola pratensis (L. Pfeiffer, 1846) (unaccepted combination)
    10. Species Helix (Campylaea) standfesti Penecke, 1891 † accepted as Pseudochloritis incrassata (Klein, 1853) † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    11. Species Helix (Campylaea) tiesenhauseni Gredler, 1889 accepted as Campylaea (Oricampylaea) illyrica tiesenhauseni (Gredler, 1889) represented as Campylaea illyrica tiesenhauseni (Gredler, 1889) (original combination and rank)
    12. Species Helix (Campylaea) toulai Schlosser, 1907 † accepted as Papillotopsis richarzi (Schlosser, 1907) † (subjective synonym)
    13. Species Helix (Campylaea) trizona Rossmässler, 1835 accepted as Cattania trizona (Rossmässler, 1835) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    14. Species Helix (Campylaea) ussuriensis Westerlund, 1897 accepted as Karaftohelix ussuriensis (Westerlund, 1897) (original combination)
    15. Species Helix (Campylaea) walteri O. Boettger, 1886 accepted as Liburnica hoffmanni walteri (O. Boettger, 1886) (basionym)
    16. Species Helix (Campylaea) westerlundi Blanc, 1879 accepted as Metafruticicola naxiana (A. Férussac, 1832) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    17. Species Helix (Campylaea) cingulata S. Studer, 1820 represented as Helix cingulata S. Studer, 1820 accepted as Chilostoma cingulatum (S. Studer, 1820)
    18. Species Helix (Campylaea) bozdagensis K. Ali-Zade, 1954 † (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
    19. Species Helix (Campylaea) cyrensis K. Ali-Zade, 1954 † (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
    20. Species Helix (Campylaea) haeterea Westerlund, 1894 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
    21. Species Helix (Campylaea) maureliana Bourguignat, 1880 † (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
    22. Species Helix (Campylaea) oetaea E. von Martens, 1889 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
    23. Species Helix (Campylaea) ramoriniana Issel, 1867 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  86. Subgenus Helix (Candidula) Kobelt, 1871 accepted as Candidula Kobelt, 1871 (unaccepted > superseded rank)
    1. Species Helix (Candidula) caroli Dohrn & Heynemann, 1862 accepted as Xerocrassa caroli (Dohrn & Heynemann, 1862) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    2. Species Helix (Candidula) ordunensis Kobelt, 1883 accepted as Helicella ordunensis (Kobelt, 1883) (unaccepted > superseded combination, basionym)
  87. Subgenus Helix (Cantareus) Risso, 1826 accepted as Cantareus Risso, 1826
    1. Species Helix (Cantareus) apertus (Born, 1778) accepted as Cantareus apertus (Born, 1778)
  88. Subgenus Helix (Caprinus) Montfort, 1810 accepted as Pleurodonte Fischer von Waldheim, 1807
    1. Species Helix (Caprinus) carriacouensis Trechmann, 1935 † accepted as Pleurodonte lehneri (Trechmann, 1935) † (subjective synonym)
    2. Species Helix (Caprinus) lehneri Trechmann, 1935 † accepted as Pleurodonte lehneri (Trechmann, 1935) † (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  89. Subgenus Helix (Caracolina) H. Beck, 1837 accepted as Caracollina H. Beck, 1837 (incorrect subsequent spelling)
    1. Species Helix (Caracolina) phacodes (Thomä, 1845) † accepted as Praeoestophorella phacodes (Thomä, 1845) † (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    2. Species Helix (Caracolina) praelusitanica Roman, 1907 † accepted as Oestophora praelusitanica (Roman, 1907) † (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  90. Subgenus Helix (Caracolla) Albers, 1850 accepted as Caracolla Albers, 1850 accepted as Caracolus Montfort, 1810 (unaccepted rank)
    1. Species Helix (Caracolla) anceps A. Gould, 1843 accepted as Holkeion anceps (A. Gould, 1843) (original combination)
    2. Species Helix (Caracolla) caracolla Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Caracolus carocolla (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted combination; misspelling of original species name, Helix carocolla Linnaeus, 1758)
    3. Species Helix (Caracolla) dealbata Broderip, 1841 accepted as Chloraea broderipii (L. Pfeiffer, 1842)
    4. Species Helix (Caracolla) gabata A. Gould, 1843 accepted as Chloritis gabata (A. Gould, 1843) (basionym)
    5. Species Helix (Caracolla) marginella Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Caracolus marginella (Gmelin, 1791) (unaccepted combination)
    6. Species Helix (Caracolla) papua Lesson, 1831 accepted as Trochomorpha papua (Lesson, 1831) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    7. Species Helix (Caracolla) papyracea Broderip, 1841 accepted as Chloraea papyracea (Broderip, 1841) (original combination)
    8. Species Helix (Caracolla) planorbis Lesson, 1831 accepted as Trochomorpha froggatti (Iredale, 1941) (unaccepted > junior homonym, non Helix planorbis Linnaeus, 1858)
    9. Species Helix (Caracolla) puella Broderip, 1841 accepted as Chloraea puella (Broderip, 1841) (original combination)
    10. Species Helix (Caracolla) reginae Broderip, 1841 accepted as Chloraea reginae (Broderip, 1841) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    11. Species Helix (Caracolla) retrorsa A. Gould, 1843 accepted as Hemiplecta retrorsa (A. Gould, 1843) (basionym)
    12. Species Helix (Caracolla) smaragdina Grateloup, 1840 accepted as Chloraea smaragdina (Grateloup, 1840) (unaccepted generic combination)
    13. Species Helix (Caracolla) troilus A. Gould, 1846 accepted as Trochomorpha troilus (A. Gould, 1846) (basionym)
    14. Species Helix (Caracolla) virgo Broderip, 1841 accepted as Chloraea virgo (Broderip, 1841) (original combination)
    15. Species Helix (Caracolla) arecibensis L. Pfeiffer, 1856 (uncertain)
    16. Species Helix (Caracolla) pellucida A. Gould, 1843 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum, Invalid: junior primary homonym of Helix pellucida O.F. Müller, 1774)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
feminine
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 768 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
MolluscaBase eds. (2024). MolluscaBase. Helix Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed at: https://www.molluscabase.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=153970 on 2024-04-12
Date
action
by
2005-04-16 10:28:02Z
created
2011-04-13 19:02:27Z
checked
2013-08-25 14:19:53Z
changed
2017-01-12 08:06:05Z
changed
2017-04-25 07:58:35Z
changed
2017-06-15 07:03:19Z
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2019-08-19 20:01:45Z
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2020-03-04 07:02:03Z
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Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 768 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Glischrus S. Studer, 1820) Studer, S. (1820). Kurzes Verzeichnis der bis jetzt in unserm Vaterlande entdeckten Conchylien. Naturwissenschaftlicher Anzeiger der Allgemeinen Schweizerischen Gesellschaft für die Gesammten Naturwissenschaften, 3 (11): 83-90; (12): 91-94. Bern [1 May; 1 June]. [reprinted as a separate work under the title: Systematisches Verzeichniss der bis jetzt bekannt gewordenen Schweizer-Conchylien. Bern (Stämpfli: 32 pp. > 5 April)]
page(s): 11 (reprint) [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Coenatoria Held, 1838) Held, F. (1837-1838). Notizen über die Weichthiere Bayerns. Isis (Oken), 30 (4): 303-309 (1837); 30 (12): 901-919 (1838). Leipzig., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/27411580
page(s): 910 [details]   

original description  (of Helix (Pelasga) P. Hesse, 1908) Hesse, P. (1908). Kritische Fragmente. IV. Berichtigung einiger Namen. V. <i>Helix berytensis</i> Fér. und <i>fourousi</i> Bgt. VI. Bemerkungen über das Genus <i>Theba</i> Risso (<i>Carthusiana</i> Kob.). VI. Das Genus <i>Helix</i> Lam., s. str. (<i>Helicogena</i> Fér.). <em>Nachrichtsblatt der Deutschen Malakozoologischen Gesellschaft.</em> 40(3): 131-141. Frankfurt am Main [18 July]., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/15107358
page(s): 39 [details]   

original description  (of Cochlea Da Costa, 1778) Da Costa, E. M. (1778). <i>Historia naturalis testaceorum Britanniæ, or, the British conchology</i>; containing the descriptions and other particulars of natural history of the shells of Great Britain and Ireland: illustrated with figures. In English and French. - Historia naturalis testaceorum Britanniæ, ou, la conchologie Britannique; contenant les descriptions & autres particularités d'histoire naturelle des coquilles de la Grande Bretagne & de l'Irlande: avec figures en taille douce. En anglois & françois. i-xii, 1-254, i-vii, [1], Pl. I-XVII. London. (Millan, White, Emsley & Robson). , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13116783
page(s): 67 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Pseudofigulina P. Hesse, 1917) Hesse P. (1917). Kritische Fragmente. XVIII. Nochmals Nomenklaturfragen. XVIII. Ein neues Subgenus von Acme. <em>Nachrichtsblatt der Deutschen Malakozoologischen Gesellschaft.</em> 49 (3): 122-124. Frankfurt am Main [2 July]., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/35619258
page(s): 123; note: unnecessary replacement name for Pelasga P. Hesse, 1908, not a junior homonym of Pelasgis Ragonot, 1890 [details]   

original description  (of Helicites W. Martin, 1809 †) Martin W. (1809). Petrificata Derbiensia; Or, Figures and Descriptions of Petrifactions Collected in Derbyshire. <em>Wigan (D. Lyon, UK).</em> 1: 1-28, pls.1-52., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/51290649 [details]   

original description  (of Helix (Physospira) C. R. Boettger, 1914) Boettger, C. R. (1914). Zur Kenntnis der Landschneckengattung <i>Cepaea</i> Held. <em>Nachrichtsblatt der Deutschen Malakozoologischen Gesellschaft.</em> 46 (3): 97-127, pl. 3. Frankfurt am Main [10 July]., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/15105226
page(s): 103 [details]   

original description  (of Helix (Pomatia) H. Beck, 1837) Beck, H. (1837-1838). <i>Index molluscorum praesentis aevi musei principis augustissimi Christiani Frederici</i>. 124 pp. Hafniae [Copenhagen]. Pp. 1-100 [1837]; 101-124 [1838]; Appendix: 1-8 [June 1837]. , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32058074
page(s): 43 [details]   

original description  (of Helix (Tyrrhenaria) P. Hesse, 1918) Hesse, P. (1918). Kritische Fragmente. XIX. <i>Helix jasonis</i> Dubois. XX. <i>Helix genezarethana</i> Mss. XXI. Die Subfamilien Murellinae und Helicinae (<i>Pentataenia</i> Ad. Schmidt). <em>Nachrichtsblatt der Deutschen Malakozoologischen Gesellschaft.</em> 50(1): 34-40. Frankfurt am Main [19 February]., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/35618480
page(s): 38 [details]   

original description  (of Helix (Naegelea) P. Hesse, 1918) Hesse, P. (1918). Kritische Fragmente. XIX. <i>Helix jasonis</i> Dubois. XX. <i>Helix genezarethana</i> Mss. XXI. Die Subfamilien Murellinae und Helicinae (<i>Pentataenia</i> Ad. Schmidt). <em>Nachrichtsblatt der Deutschen Malakozoologischen Gesellschaft.</em> 50(1): 34-40. Frankfurt am Main [19 February]., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/35618480
page(s): 38 [details]   

additional source Korábek O., Petrusek A., Neubert E. & Juřičková L. (2015). Molecular phylogeny of the genus <i>Helix</i> (Pulmonata: Helicidae). <em>Zoologica Scripta.</em> 44(3): 263-280., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/zsc.12101 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Neubert, E. (2014). Revision of Helix Linnaeus, 1758 in its eastern Mediterranean distribution area, and reassignment of Helix godetiana Kobelt, 1878 to Maltzanella Hesse, 1917 (Gastropoda, Pulmonata, Helicidae). Contributions to Natural History, 26: 1-200. Bern [5 December]. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

subsequent type designation Montfort P. [Denys de]. (1808-1810). Conchyliologie systématique et classification méthodique des coquilles. <em>Paris: Schoell.</em> Vol. 1: pp. lxxxvii + 409 [1808]. Vol. 2: pp. 676 + 16 [1810 (before 28 May)]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/10571
page(s): 231 [details]   

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